In French, Théophile Gautier in 1800 glossed it as a "grain liquor" served with meals in Poland (eau-de-vie de grain). [14], Another possible connection of vodka with "water" is the name of the medieval alcoholic beverage aqua vitae (Latin, literally, "water of life"), which is reflected in Polish okowita, Ukrainian оковита, Belarusian акавіта, and Scandinavian akvavit. By the 1860s, due to the government policy of promoting the consumption of state-manufactured vodka, it became the drink of choice for many Russians. Though the stereotypical image most people have of vodka is that it’s made from potatoes, in fact it’s much more common for it to be made from cereal grains, including corn, rye, and wheat. It was attested in Sámuel Gyarmathi's Russian-German-Hungarian glossary of 1799, where it is glossed with Latin vinum adustum ("burnt [i.e. Pokhlebkin's sources were challenged by David Christian in the Slavic Review in 1994. Les vodkas à base de céréales sont surtout issues de Russie, de Biélorussie et d'Ukraine ; celles à base de céréales et de pommes de terre, surtout de Russie, et enfin celles à base de pommes de terre sont surtout issues de Biélorussie, de … 5 out of 5 stars (11) 11 reviews. Any vodka not made from either grain or potatoes would have to display the products used in its production. The graphic in this article is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Up until the 1950s, vodka was not used as a designation for Swedish distilled beverages, which were instead called brännvin ("burn-wine"), the word having the same etymology as the Dutch Brandewijn, which is the base for the word brandy. This level has fluctuated somewhat during the 20th century but remained quite high at all times. A form of Żubrówka is now sold in the US, but it’s one in which the coumarin content has been removed. The implementation of new technologies in the latter half of the 19th century, which allowed the production of clear vodkas, contributed to their success. Christian criticized the lack of valid references in Pokhlebkin's works stating that his work has an obvious pro-Russian bias. L'origine de cette eau-de-vie se situerait en Russie ou en Pologne2 selon les sources. [20], Though there was a substantial vodka cottage industry in Poland back to the 16th century, the end of the 18th century marked the start of real industrial production of vodka in Poland (Kresy, the eastern part of Poland was controlled by the Russian empire at that time). For other uses, see. However, this is not the case in the traditional vodka-producing nations, so many distillers from these countries prefer to use very accurate distillation but minimal filtering, thus preserving the unique flavors and characteristics of their products. Others languages include the German Branntwein, Danish brændevin, Dutch: brandewijn, Swedish: brännvin, and Norwegian: brennevin (although the latter terms refer to any strong alcoholic beverage). If nothing else, it helps to explain why they don’t all taste […], Explorations of everyday chemical compounds, on The Chemistry of Vodka – Structure, Additives, and Impurities, The final product has little other than ethanol and water present, so in theory all vodkas, Vodka isn’t always unadulterated of course, and flavoured vodkas are also possible by adding various compounds or extracts after the manufacturing process. Here, we take a look at those compounds and where they come from. What Is the Chemical Formula of Ethanol? Vodka is nearly pure ethanol, or C 2 H 5 OH for our fellow chemistry geeks. Ermochkine, Nicholas and Iglikowski, Peter (2003). [17][18] For many centuries, beverages differed significantly compared to the vodka of today, as the spirit at that time had a different flavor, color, and smell, and was originally used as medicine. 1 distilled spirit in the world. One of the most well-known flavoured vodkas is, ubrówka, which is flavoured using bison grass. A type of distilled liquor designated by the Russian word vodka came to Russia in the late 14th century. [31] In 2013, the organizers of the so-called "vodka car" were jailed for two and a half years for having illegally provided thousands of liters to young people, some as young as 13. Interestingly, this was (and still is) banned by the FDA in the USA, as flavouring with bison grass also leads to the presence of the compound coumarin, which in much larger amounts has been shown to exhibit liver toxicity in rats. ubrówka is now sold in the US, but it’s one in which the coumarin content has been removed. Klasična formula vodke je zelo zanimiva - C2H5OH 40% + H2O 60%. The first rectification distillery was established in 1871. formulate the aroma characteristic for Amer ... whisky and vodka ha d the poorest chromatographic profiles. How Biobutanol Can Be Used as a Motor Fuel. The tank was supplied with a cap or glass lid. The estimates of the annual death toll reach even hundreds of thousands of lives produced by the vodka consumption in Russia, vodka is one of the most unhealthy drinks of the world. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.google.com.au/books/edition/The_Art_of_Distilling_Revised_and_Expand/LGWEDwAAQBAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&dq=sweden+russia+poland+vodka+15th+century&pg=PA82&printsec=frontcover, "Dmitry Mendeleev and 40 degrees of Russian vodka", "Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 1576/89", "United States Code of Federal Regulations Title 27, Section 5.22(a)(1)", "History of vodka production, at the official page of Polish Spirit Industry Association (KRPS), 2007", "Russia: or, a compleat historical account of all the nations which compose that Empire", "View of the Russian empire during the reign of Catharine the Second, and to the close of the present century, Volume 1", "The heritage of professor Juozas Balčikonis, the great educator of the native language", Alcohol and Temperance in Modern History: An International Encyclopedia, "Count Alfred Potocki Factory Museum of Liqueurs, Rosolios and Rum", "Sweden: sales volume of the leading spirits brands in Systembolaget stores 2018", https://www.riksdagen.se/sv/dokument-lagar/dokument/kommittedirektiv/oversyn-av-vissa-bestammelser-i-alkohollagen-samt_GMB119, 'Vodka-mobile' selling booze to Swedish kids, Åtalade för vodkabilen dömda till fängelse, "EU Farm Chief Warns of Legal Action in Vodka Row", "Why are there so many brands of vodka on sale? 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