The Øresund Bridge supports a four-lane road on the upper deck carrying 6 million vehicles per year, and two train tracks on the lower deck transporting another 8 million people each year. Peberholm is a designated nature reserve built from Swedish rock and the soil dredged up during the bridge and tunnel construction, approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) long with an average width of 500 m (1,640 ft). On both approaches to the three cable-stayed bridge sections, the girder is supported every 140 m (459 ft) by concrete piers. The Øresund is an engineering marvel that connects the Danish capital of Copenhagen to the Swedish city of Malmö. The justification for the additional expenditure and complexity related to digging a tunnel for part of the way, rather than raising that section of the bridge, was to avoid interfering with air traffic from the nearby Copenhagen Airport, to provide a clear channel for ships in good weather or bad, and to prevent ice floes from blocking the strait. Photograph: Johner Images/Getty Images Not since 1675 has there been such tension on the border. Single-use toll passes for cars up to 6 meters, or just under 20 feet, in length cost EUR 50 as of April 2018; larger vehicles up to 10 meters in length (32.8 feet) and those towing trailers with a combined length of 15 meters (16.4 feet) or less cost EUR 100. More … After years of debate, in March 1991 Sweden and Denmark signed an agreement to create a crossing. The 7.8 km long Öresund Bridge connects the southern tip of Sweden to east Denmark. Two tubes in the tunnel carry railway tracks, two carry roads and a small fifth tube is provided for emergencies. Photo: Johan Nilsson/TT. [6] It would have comprised a bridge between Malmö and Saltholm, with a tunnel linking Saltholm to Copenhagen, and would have been accompanied by a second rail tunnel across the Øresund between Helsingør and Helsingborg.[7]. The road across the Oresund Strait connects the metropolitan areas of Copenhagen and Malmo. Although traffic between Denmark and Sweden increased by 61 percent in the first year after the bridge opened, traffic levels were not as high as expected, perhaps due to high tolls. The Oresund Bridge is the bridge across the sea between just south of Copenhagen and Malmo in Sweden. [11] The official dedication took place on 1 July 2000, with Queen Margrethe II, and King Carl XVI Gustaf as the host and hostess of the ceremony. The bridge was designed by the Danish engineering firm COWI. The cable-stayed main span is 491 m (1,611 ft) long. Many locals now commute between the two countries each morning. Skånetrafiken has made some adjustments due to the restrictions. It was opened on 1 July in 2000 and has since become an important link across the Oresund strait. [9] As the economic situation improved in the 1980s, interest continued and the governments signed a new agreement in 1991. People who wish to travel to Denmark can expect to be rejected at the Danish border, if they do not have a valid reason, such as living or working in Denmark, or delivering goods to Denmark. The bridge connects the road and rail networks of the Scandinavian Peninsula with those of Central and Western Europe. Taxpayers have paid for neither the bridge nor the tunnel, but tax money has been used for the land connections. The Øresund Bridge (locally called Øresundsbron) connects Amager and Oresund in Denmark (on the island Zealand) with Skane, Sweden, a total length of just more than 10 miles (16.4 km). The rail link is operated jointly by the Swedish Transport Administration and Danish railways. The Øresund Bridge and the connection has a total length of 15,9 kilometers, and the bridge itself is 7,8 kilometers. Connects Denmark and Sweden for a stretch comprising an artificial island, a stunning suspension bridge and an undersea tunnel. The move marked a break with 60 years of passport-free travel between the Nordic countries. [25], The border controls were renewed on 12 May 2019, and will remain in place until 12 November 2019, with likely further temporary renewal after.[26]. The bridge joins Drogden tunnel on the artificial island of Peberholm (Pepper Islet). The alternative to this, depending on where you are going in Sweden, is to go to Helsingor north of Copenhagen and take the short ferry to Helsingborg, which costs about 20% less than the Oresund Bridge. The bridge experiences occasional brief closures during very severe weather, such as the St. Jude storm of October 2013. Each country would hold a 50% stake in the project. [3] The concept of a bridge over the Øresund was first formally proposed in 1936 by a consortium of engineering firms who proposed a national motorway network for Denmark. 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