Minimum wages only tell part of the story of labor costs in China. However, while China is still among the most unequal countries in the world in terms of income inequality, it has made some progress over the past decade. Starting in April, the minimum wage … Provinces are divided into different wage districts: Guizhou, for instance, is divided up into Class A, B, and C, which each have their own minimum monthly and hourly wage. (One Chinese yuan = 0.15 US dollar in September 2020.) The minimum wage in Chengdu varies by district and ranges from RMB 1,650–1,780/month. 1 Finally, as shown in Figs. In 2020, the minimum wage in China’s Jiangsu province had amounted to between 1,620 and 2,020 yuan per month, depending on the district. Why are there different grades for the minimum wage standard? Stay Ahead of the curve in Emerging Asia. Minimum wages in China are determined region wise (for 31 provinces) and the highest monthly minimum wage is in the Shanghai region while the lowest minimum wage is in the Anhui region. Shanghai’s minimum wage is at 2,480 RMB a month. In some county-level cities, the minimum wage is as low as RMB1,280 monthly or RMB13.6 hourly for part-time workers. Although very few worker # protests have been specifically related to demands for higher pay … The monthly minimum wage applies to full-time employees, and the hourly minimum wage applies to others, such as part-time and temporary employees. Shanghai’s minimum wage will increase on April 1, 2019. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! On April 26, China’s Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security released the Minimum Wage Standards of All Regions in China as of March 31, 2020. Tools . search. Most provinces set different classes of minimum wage levels for different areas depending on the given region’s level of development and cost of living. The tables in this report demonstrate the current minimum wage standards for all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in China. The minimum wage in China is set locally,ranging from RMB1,000 per month in Guangxi to RMB2,190 per month in Shanghai. Toggle main menu visibility Salaries. Why are there different grades for the minimum wage standard? In 2020, the minimum hourly wage in Beijing was the highest in China at 24 yuan per hour. Hunan, Gansu, Guizhou, Tianjin, and Zhejiang are among the regions likely to adjust their minimum wages in mid to late 2020, given that they have not done so in the past two years. Advertising. The city will raise the monthly statutory minimum wage for full-time workers from RMB 2,420 (US$360) to RMB 2,480 (US$369) and the hourly minimum wage for part-time workers from RMB 21 (US$3.12) to RMB 22 (US$3.27). The minimum wage is graded according to the level of the local economy in each province. You Share, We Compare. So far, in 2020, Fujian, Qinghai, and Guangxi have raised their minimum wages. China's minimum wage was last changed in 12-Nov-2016. Minimum-Wage.org provides a database of international minimum wage rates and labor law information for countries around the world. Minimum wage information is collected from official county government reports published online, which are made publicly available on China’s labor law and relations website (laodong fabao wang).Each county government publishes information on the monthly minimum wages for full-time employees, the hourly minimum wages for part-time … Each province, municipality, or region sets its own minimum wage in accordance with its own local conditions. So, what is the minimum wage in China? Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, and Shenzhen have the highest minimum wages among the cities in China. This trend is exacerbated in China’s wealthy coastal regions – the traditional hotbed for foreign investment and manufacturing – which migrant workers are leaving in favor of inland China. Minimum wages are set across China, and these are controlled by the local government. A system of guaranteed minimum wages was formalised in July 1994 under a labour law that authorised provincial governments to set their own minimum wage standards taking into account local economic conditions. Each province sets a minimum hourly (for part-time workers) and monthly minimum wages appropriate to that province. China does not set on minimum wage for the entire nation. 78% growth in 9 years. Hello According to the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2016 the migrant worker population in coastal provinces fell by 0.3 percent, while that of Western provinces grew by 5.3 percent. How to Handle Your Foreign Employee’s Work and Residence Permit: China’s COVID-19 Travel Ban Series, China Extends 15% Profits Tax to Qualifying Investors in its Western Regions, Dezan Shira & Associates' Service Brochure, An Introduction to Doing Business in China 2019. Minimum wage with effect from January 1, 2019 Minimum Wages - last checked - 10/2/19. This policy d not have substantive effect because it is poorly id implemented. Please contact info@dezshira.com or visit our website at www.dezshira.com. At the lowest end, the minimum wage in certain rural areas of Liaoning (RMB 1,120/US$162), Hunan (RMB 1,130/US$163), and Anhui (RMB 1,150/US$166) slightly higher. Minimum Wage in Chongqing - 2021 january - China. Q1. Chinese regions often opt to increase minimum wages to keep pace with the cost of living increases, so other regions may also adjust their wage standards later this year. As shown in the chart below, the minimum wage varies from place to place and is graded. In this sense, the minimum wages are tax excluded. COVID-19 drives wages down, new ILO report finds These regions based minimums vary widely and are updated annually by the local government. The minimum wage standard doesn’t include allowances, overtime pay, and social insurance contributions paid by the employers, as well as non-monetary income. WageIndicator.org. Minimum wage laws are often shown to have little impact on employment as the labour price rise can be offset by lower turnover, lower markups, and heightened efficiency, or ‘cleansing’ effects. Currently, the highest minimum wages are in parts of Guangdong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang provinces, which have all surpassed the RMB 2,000 (US$289) mark, as well as in the municipalities of Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Tianjin. WageIndicator.org. Facts and statistics about China China is a country located in the Eastern Asia region with a population of 1,277,558,000 and an average life span of 71.4 years. December 21, 2020. In 2018, 15 out of the 31 regions in mainland China increased their minimum wages, while 20 provinces did so in 2017. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), A Guide to Minimum Wages in China in 2020. A; A+; A++; Print. Share this content. Minimum wage with effect from December 1, 2019 Minimum Wages - last checked - … Shanghai has the highest minimum wage in China at 2,480 RMB per month. For example, a higher minimum wage class for the provincial capital and the most developed cities, and a lower class for smaller cities and rural areas. The table below lists monthly and hourly minimum wages by province and wage districts. When comparing locations for foreign investment into China, minimum wages are a helpful barometer to gauge labor costs across different regions. According to data from Statistics Indonesia (BPS), the country’s inflation reached 3.72 percent year-on-year in September of last year, while economic growth was recorded at 4.99 percent year-on-year over the same period. Moreover, China is a showcase in terms of low wages: in 2004, the average Chinese monthly manufacturing wage was 141 Dollars, versus 342 Dollars in Mexico and over 2500 Dollars in the US. Required fields are marked *. ILO. Minimum wage with effect from January 1, 2018 Minimum Wages - last checked - … A complete guide to China’s minimum wages can be found below. The highest minimum wage in the province is in Xiamen with a minimum monthly wage of RMB 1,700 and an hourly wa… The Guangdong provincial government announced that it would maintain 2015 minimum wage levels in 2016 and 2017, and the minimum wage growth rate in Shanghai has decreased from 12.3 in 2015 to 8.4 percent in 2016. (The latest version of this article was published April 29, 2020. The minimum wage is graded according to the level of the local economy in each province. Your email address will not be published. applicable minimum wage, and for those who do not perform work, the employer can pay them no less than 70% of the applicable minimum wage. December 21, 2020. China: The minimum wage in China is set locally; ranges from RMB1,120 ($161.07) … According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, the country’s Gini Coefficient dropped from 0.491 in 2008 to 0.465 in 2016, where a higher number denotes larger inequality. Local governments in China are required to update their minimum wages at least every few years but have the flexibility to adjust wages according to local conditions. It is one of the countries with the largest disparity of income. Compiled by the ... Repatriating profits from China has long been a complicated and challenging issue for foreign businesses with ... Dezan Shira & Associates helps According to the country's Employment Promotion Plan, minimum wages are supposed to increase in accordance with local living standards by at least 13 percent through 2015 and be no less than 40 percent of the average local wages. The firm assists foreign investors throughout Asia and maintains offices in China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore, Russia, and Vietnam. Your email address will not be published. and grow their operations. The Institutional Features of Minimum Wage in China. Minimum Wage Standards in China. This is an updated report compiled by CLW volunteers. The article was originally published in November, 2018.). Minimum wage policy in China. Doing Business in China 2019 is designed to introduce the fundamentals of investing in China. While the provinces of Qinghai and Fujian had announced their 2020 minimum wage increase last year, Guangxi is the only province to announce and implement an increase to its statutory wage after the coronavirus outbreak. The new minimum wage growth formula is hinged on the sum of Indonesia’s inflation and GDP growth over the past 12 months. COVID-19 drives wages down, new ILO report finds From June 2015 and June 2016, 22 regions made changes to their minimum wage levels. Shanghai continues to have the highest minimum wage in China, at RMB 2,480 (US$358) per month, followed by Shenzhen and Beijing, both at RMB 2,200 (US$318) per month. Minimum Wages Across China: Region Districts Monthly Minimum Wages Hourly Minimum Wages Comments Anhui: A B C D: 1,520 1,350 1,250 1,150: 16.0 14.0 13.0 12.0: Beijing-2,200: 24.0: Chongqing: A B: 1,800 1,700: 18.0 17.0: Fujian: A B C D E: 1,700 1,650 1,500 1,380 1,280: 18.0 17.5 16.0 14.6 13.6: Gansu: A B C D: 1,620 1,570 1,520 1,470: 17.0 16.5 15.9 15.4: … Minimum wages in China continue to grow, with Fujian, Qinghai, and Guangxi provinces all having raised theirs so far in 2020. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Are they net wages or gross wages? 4.1. Thus, we cannot say it’s net wages. search. Part of WageIndicator Foundation. Q1. While the provinces of Qinghai and Fujian had announced their 2020 minimum wage increase last year, Guangxi is the only province to announce and implement an increase to their statutory wage after the coronavirus outbreak. As a result, there is considerable variation in minimum wage … Basic China law, employment law. Sophie Mao. Minimum Wage in Jiangxi - 2021 january - China. China Briefing is produced by Dezan Shira & Associates. In late 1993, the former Ministry of Labor issued Provisions of Minimum Wage,the first document on the minimum wage policy. Jiangsu Suzhou Employees should receive their regular salary. That being said, 2020 might see fewer wage increases than usual given the coronavirus pandemic, which has shifted the need to reduce the financial burden on enterprise and job stabilization to the forefront. businesses establish, maintain, including the most recent legal, tax and accounting changes that affect your business. search. Minimum wage levels. For the first time in over a decade, none of # China ’s provinces and regions announced a minimum # wage increase this year, and several regions implemented an official # minimumwage freeze. In 2004, the Provisions of Minimum Wage was amended substantially by In China, where city and provincial governments set minimum wage standards, a number of regions are moving to raise employee pay. Moreover, employer social insurance and housing fund obligations add an additional 37.25 percent to an employee’s salary on average. Minimum wage data. Shenzhen’s minimum wage is 2,200 RMB a month, and Beijing has the same. This table provides a summary comparision of international minimum wage rates with a calculated yearly minimum wage rate for each country in International Dollars, a measure of currency based on the United States dollar in 2009. 1 and 2 in the Appendix, there is considerable variation in both the level and growth-rate of the minimum wage in the 261 Chinese cities in our … Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, and Shenzhen have the highest minimum wages among the cities in China. Shenzhen’s minimum wage is 2,200 RMB a … The city will raise the monthly statutory minimum wage for full-time workers from RMB 2,420 (US$360) to RMB 2,480 (US$369) and the hourly minimum wage for part-time workers from RMB 21 (US$3.12) to RMB 22 (US$3.27).. Our subscription service offers regular regulatory updates, For example, as of September 2018, levels in the city of Shanghai are as high as 2,420 RMB per month (and 20RMB per hour). At the lowest end, the minimum wage in certain rural areas of Liaoning (RMB 1,120/US$162), Hunan (RMB 1,130/US$163), and Anhui (RMB 1,150/US$166) slightly higher. Basic China law, employment law. Minimum wage rates in China are determined by regional governments, based on local living costs, local wages and the overall supply and demand for labour. For example, workers in Shanghai made an average of RMB 9,723 (US$1,405) per month through the first quarter of 2019 – over four times the local minimum wage. The Institutional Features of Minimum Wage in China. China's minimum wage policy came into shape in the early 1990s. However, it does include the social insurance contributions paid by the employees. As China’s economy moves up the value chain and transitions to innovation and services, most workers employed by foreign-invested enterprises earn above the minimum wage. At the lowest end, the minimum wage in certain areas of Guangxi province is RMB 1,000 (US$145), with rural areas in Liaoning (RMB 1,120/US$162), Hunan (RMB 1,130/US$163), and Anhui (RMB 1,150/US$166) slightly higher.”. Research led by the China Institute of Income Distribution aims to investigate policy issues around minimum wage regulation in China. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Dezan Shira & Associates´ brochure offers a comprehensive overview of the services provided by the firm. This table provides a summary comparision of international minimum wage rates with a calculated yearly minimum wage rate for each country in International Dollars, a measure of currency based on the United States dollar in 2009. China’s rapidly rising wages are partly explained by the country’s labor pool which, while enormous, is gradually shrinking. Minimum wage growth allows more productive … Instead, the task of setting minimum wages is delegated to the local governments. At the lowest end, the minimum wage in certain rural areas of Liaoning (RMB 1,120/US$162), Hunan (RMB 1,130/US$163), and Anhui (RMB 1,150/US$166) slightly higher. In 2018, China’s employed population declined for the first time ever, falling by 540,000 for a total of 776 million. According to Article 48 of the then labour law, firms in the formal sector were required to comply with the minimum wage set at the local level. ILO. Minimum wages in Fujian province vary by city. China is known for its wide economic disparity across its vast nation. Advertising. Tools . In March 2004, a new directive established more comprehensive minimum standards and tightened enforcement through threats of tougher punishment for lax enforcement of labour laws. China’s minimum wage policy dates back to July 1994, when a new labour law stipulated a system of minimum wages. Shanghai continues to have the highest minimum wage in China, at RMB 2,480 (US$358) per month, followed by Shenzhen and Beijing, both at RMB 2,200 (US$318) per month. Minimum-Wage.org provides a database of international minimum wage rates and labor law information for countries around the world. #CLB2020Review 10: Minimum wage increases stall under the impact of Covid-19 pandemic. Minimum Wage Standards in China. In 2020, the minimum wage in China’s Jiangsu province had amounted to between 1,620 and 2,020 yuan per month, depending on the district. Regions may opt to freeze local wages in order to maintain their economic competitiveness amid the uncertainty. Briefing note | 24 December 2020 Download: The Institutional Features of Minimum Wage in China pdf - 1.7 MB Tags: minimum wage. For foreign investors, rising wages are an unavoidable feature of doing business in China. You Share, We Compare. Sophie Mao. We have compiled minimum wages at the county level for all provin… It will focus on the political economy aspects of how minimum wages are set, and the wages' effects on employment and inequality. Nevertheless, when other factors like productivity, infrastructure, transportation costs, and access to a massive domestic market are considered, China may still emerge as the more cost-efficient option compared to countries with lower statutory labor costs. Since China enacted its first minimum wage law in 1994, the magnitude and frequency of changes in the minimum wage have been substantial, both over time and across jurisdictions. However, the growth rate of minimum wage levels decreased in 2016, reflecting the Chinese government’s effort to reduce pressure on enterprises resulting from the uneven growth between labor costs and production rates.[1][2][3]. Toggle main menu visibility Salaries. However, since China promulgated the new minimum wage regulations in 2004, the nominal minimum wage has increased rapidly by more than 200%, reaching 944 RMB in 2012.3 The real minimum wage grew at a slower pace before 2004 and began to rise thereafter. It was introduced in 1994 but was only implemented in March 2004. in. Labour Law requires that wages paid to the laborers by employing units should not be less than the local standards on minimum wages. Shanghai continues to have the highest minimum wage in China, at RMB 2,480 (US$358) per month, followed by Shenzhen and Beijing, both at RMB 2,200 (US$318) per month. Minimum wage in all provinces are still below this number. In 2018, CLW released a report on minimum wage standards in China. Since China promulgated new minimum wage regulations in 2004, the frequency and magnitude of changes in minimum wages have been substantial. The reorientation of priorities are also set against the backdrop of an ongoing US-China trade war and an economic slowdown. As different parts of China have very different standards of living, China does not set one minimum wage for the entire nation. The overall trends for the change of minimum wage levels diverge across provinces, with much smaller increases in developed regions and more rapid growth in less developed regions. At the lowest end, the minimum wage in certain rural areas of Liaoning (RMB 1,120/US$162), Hunan (RMB 1,130/US$163), and Anhui (RMB 1,150/US$166) slightly higher. Briefing note | 24 December 2020 Download: The Institutional Features of Minimum Wage in China pdf - 1.7 MB Tags: minimum wage. 3.2. The Guangxi province has a low minimum wage of 1,000 RMB a month. Do these amounts given below include tax? WageIndicator.org. All wages are in Chinese currency. Previous Article « How to Handle Your Foreign Employee’s Work and Residence Permit: China’s COVID-19 Travel Ban Series, Next Article China Extends 15% Profits Tax to Qualifying Investors in its Western Regions ». The highest minimum wages are in the Guangdong, Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, which all have a monthly minimum wage of 2,000 RMB or above. Part of WageIndicator Foundation. Global Wage Report 2020-21. As shown in the chart below, the minimum wage varies from place to place and is graded. Guizhou province stands out as the region carrying the most significant hike of minimum wage levels in 2016, 55 percent. “Shanghai continues to have the highest minimum wage in China, at RMB 2,480 (US$358) per month, followed by Shenzhen and Beijing, both at RMB 2,200 (US$318) per month. Global Wage Report 2020-21. You Share, We Compare. A; A+; A++; Print. Minimum Wage in Guizhou - 2020 october - China. What is the minimum wage in China 2019? The minimum wages here are at least 2,000 RMB a month. From there, identifying industry-specific wage levels, availability of talent, and access to regional incentives offer a more nuanced view of ultimate labor costs within a given region. Minimum wages under such policies increased by an average 12.6 percent rate between 2008-2012. In 2016, the average growth rate dropped to 14.5 percent from 17 percent in 2015. Last year, seven regions (Chongqing, Shaanxi, Shanghai, Beijing, Hebei, Fujian, and Qinghai) in China announced an increase in their minimum wage. In China, minimum wage refers to the minimum monthly wage in Shanghai (as it is the highest figure). in. Under the current individual income tax system, the threshold to pay tax is RMB 5,000, even if all other kinds of deductions are not considered. Shanghai’s minimum wage is at 2,480 RMB a month. Next is Shenzhen, w… Some of the cities with the highest minimum wages in China are Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Tianjin. Starting from July 1, China's capital city Beijing will increase the minimum wage per month to 2,200 yuan ($ 322.38) for full-time employees and hourly wage for part-time employees to 24 yuan, the highest in the country, Beijing Municipal Human Resources and … Note: these figures do not take into account deductions, such as pensions or social insurance. [1][2], "A Complete Guide to 2016 Minimum Wage Levels Across China", "A Complete Guide to 2015 Minimum Wage Levels Across China", "China promises rise in minimum wage to close income gap", China Minimum Wage by Region 2018 - WageIndicator.org, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minimum_wage_in_China&oldid=986751087, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 20:06. This column shows that in a fast-growing economy like China, there is a ‘cleansing’ effect of labour market standards. Minimum wage in China Last updated May 15, 2019 Map of hourly minimum wages across China, 2014 ¥9.00–¥9.99 ¥10.00–¥10.99 ¥11.00–¥11.99 ¥12.00–¥12.99 ¥13.00–¥13.99 ¥14.00–¥14.99 ¥16.00–¥16.99 ¥17.00 As different parts of China have very different standards of living, China does not set one minimum wage for the entire nation. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The minimum wages here are at least 2,000 RMB a month. If any employees were asked to work during this period, Shanghai continues to have the highest minimum wage in China, at RMB 2,480 (US$358) per month, followed by Shenzhen and Beijing, both at RMB 2,200 (US$318) per month. Share this content. Part of WageIndicator Foundation. Toggle main menu visibility Salaries. The world wage, the minimum wage in Beijing was the highest minimum.. Of how minimum wages is delegated to the laborers by employing units should be. Is poorly id implemented wages among the cities in China - 2020 -! Starting in April, the minimum wage regulation in China are Beijing, Tianjin, Shenzhen. Provinces did so in 2017 its own minimum wage of 1,000 RMB month! Regions may opt to freeze local wages in China pdf - 1.7 MB:..., 2020. ) Tianjin, and the wages ' effects on employment and.. Largest disparity of income Ministry of labor costs in China of investing in China Beijing,,... 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